Glosario: Inglés 2

TEMA 1:
ESTILOS DE VIDA

Expresiones

Expresiones de Tiempo

Expresiones de Frecuencia

Verbos

Hábitos

early late

on time all day

 

every …

hour day week month year morning

afternoon evening night

after around before

at …

night noon midnight

        o’clock

 

in …

the morning the afternoon the evening

 

on …

weekends weekdays the weekend

almost always almost never always

ever frequently never often

seldom sometimes usually very often very rarely

cook

do exercise drink

go jogging go to bed go to sleep get home get up

have a meal have / eat

breakfast lunch dinner supper

rest run sleep start stay up study

take a break

take a shower / a bath taste

wake up walk

wash (your hands/face) watch TV

work

Where do you  work? Where do you go to school? What time do you …?

What time do / does …? How do / does …?

What do you do? How often do you…?

What do you usually do …? What about …?

When do you get home? Where do / does …?

How do / does … get to? by bus / car / train.

on foot.

Adverbios de Modo

badly beautifully carefully early quickly

slowly

Hábitos Alimenticios

What is this / that? This / That is …

What are these / those? These / Those are… What’s your favorite …?

What do / does … have for …? How many meals do you have / eat? Do you like …?

I like … I love …

I don’t like … / I dislike … I hate …

Frases Adverbiales

Comida

Bebidas

Carnes

Frutas y Verduras

Postres

once / twice

a week a year

a month three / four times

a week a year

a month

meat beef chicken fish lamb pork sausage

fruit apples bananas oranges tomatoes

 

vegetables carrots lettuce potatoes

sweet(s) candy cake chocolate cookies ice-cream

a drink bottled water mineral water tap  water beer

coffee juice lemonade milk  soda

milkshake tea  tequila wine

 

Hábitos de Salud

Conectores de Secuencia y Contraste

Vocabulario Relacionado

Recipientes y Porciones

What time do you get up?

How much do you sleep?

I sleep 8 hours.

How much water do you drink?

I drink (a glass of) water (a day).

How much … do you eat / have?

I eat / have…

Can I have …? Would you like …? I’d like …

and … then…

but

or

before that

after that

food

meal

breakfast

lunch

dinner

Mexican food

fast food

salad eggs

French Fries

chips

hamburger

pizza

rice

soup

spaghetti

sushi sandwich

bread

butter

ice

cereal

cheese

sugar

salt

pepper yogurt

a bottle (of)

a carton (of)

a cup (of)

a glass (of)

a piece (of)

a litre / liter (of)

much

Palabras en Restaurante

Lugares de Comida

bill

self-service

junk food

waiter / waitress

menu

tip

café

pub / bar

restaurant

TEMA 2:
COMPARACIONES

Expresiones

Adjetivos

Adjetivos Irregulares

The boy is taller than

The boys are more popular than … Mike is the tallest.

Xalapa is the most important city in Veracruz. Cats are as intelligent as dogs.

big brave careful cheap classical clean cold dark deep dirty dry early easy empty

expensive fast

far green happy hard hot hungry

important intelligent

light lovely near new nice rainy sad safe sweet slim slow sour soon strong sunny tall thirsty tired wet windy worried young rainy

good – better – best bad – worse – worst far – farther – farthest

further – furthest little – less – least

much (many) more – most

Preguntas con How / Who / Which

Colores

How big …? How tall …? How high …? Which is the …?

black blue brown

gray / grey green orange pink

red white yellow purple

TEMA 3:
DIRECCIÓN DE LUGARES

Expresiones

Indicaciones para llegar a un Lugar

Lugares

Verbos

Is there a / an … near here?

Yes, there is a … / Yes, there is one on … / next to … No, there isn’t.

Are there any …. around here? Yes, there are …

No, there aren’t (any) … Where’s the …?

Is it far from here? It’s on the right … It’s on the left …

It’s right behind you … How do I get to …?

How can I get to …?

Can you tell me how to get to …? Can you tell me the way to …? It’s located …

You can’t miss it.

You’ll see the … (on the right / on the left, next to …) There.

It’s there. Over there. It’s over there.

walk up  … go up  … walk to … walk down …

go down … for … blocks go along …

… past the store

go straight ahead until you get to … go to the corner of … and …

go straight for … blocks turn right (on …)

turn left (on …)

airport bridge building castle cathedral City Hall downtown drugstore factory gas station

movie theater stadium

zoo

 

 

Nota: Para más vocabulario checar el glosario de Lengua I.

arrive drive go get miss turn walk take

Vocabulario Relacionado

Avenue / Ave. block

corner exit

traffic lights stop

North South East West

TEMA 4:
TIENDAS Y RESTAURANTES

Expresiones

Compras y Comercios

Verbos

Tipos de Moneda

Vocabulario Relacionado

Would you like to …?

I would like to order a … How much is / are the…? How much does it cost? How much is it?

This one. That one. The red one. I’ll take it.

I’ll take the red one. Here you are.

shop bakery florist’s bread book toy

necklace, watch clothes

articles of clothing (Revisar el glosario de Lengua I, tema 4)

shop

(go) shopping pay (for)

buy sell put on

take off cost show try (on)

money penny cent dollar franc pound (£) Euro (€)

sale change credit card receipt note

Weights and Measures

Gram(me) kilogram kilometer pound

TEMA 5:
EVENTOS PASADOS

Expresiones

Expresiones para Expresar Agrado / Desagrado

Palabras para Narrar Eventos Pasados

How was …?

When I was a child …

My favorite … was / were….

My favorite teacher /cartoon / toy was … Were you …?

What was / were you… like? Where / when were you born? Who was your …?

What were you like?

There was/wasn’t a party at (the beach). Did you go to (city) …?

What did you do …?

Where / When did you go …? Who did you …with?

Why did you …? How long did you …?

What time did you …?

There were / weren’t many videogames at the mall. Was there a museum in the town?

Yes, there was. / No, there wasn’t. Were there any shopping centers? Yes, there were. / No, there weren’t.

It was terrific / exciting / fun / very nice / pleasant. It wasn’t (very) pleasant.

It was boring.

each

best friend cartoons disco

elementary school high school hometown kindergarten

lake trip

neighbor concert famous people childhood

shopping center party

picnic shopping songs sports videogames

weather

Expresiones de Tiempo

ago

in +(year) yesterday

last … night / summer / weekend / year / birthday

 

Verbos Regulares

Presente

Pasado

Presente

Pasado

answer

answered

look

looked

arrive

arrived

love

loved

ask

asked

open

opened

believe

believed

pass

passed

call

called

phone

phoned

carry

carried

play

played

change

changed

prefer

preferred

check (examine)

checked

rain

rained

clean

cleaned

return

returned

close

closed

smoke

smoked

cross

crossed

snow

snowed

dance

danced

start

started

die

died

stay

stayed

dress

dressed

stop

stopped

end

ended

study

studied

enjoy

enjoyed

talk

talked

explain

explained

travel

traveled

follow

followed

try

tried

happen

happened

visit

visited

hate

hated

wait

waited

help

helped

walk

walked

invite

invited

want

wanted

learn

learned

wash

washed

like

liked

watch

watched

listen to

listened to

work

worked

live

lived

 

 

 

Verbos Irregulares

Presente

Pasado

Presente

Pasado

be

was / were

meet

met

be born

was /were born

pay

paid

become

became

put

put

begin

began

read

read

break

broke

ride

rode

bring

brought

run

ran

buy

bought

say

said

come

came

see

saw

cut

cut

sell

sold

do

did

send

sent

drink

drank

sing

sang

drive

drove

sit

sat

eat

ate

sleep

slept

get

got

speak

spoke

give

gave

spend

spent

go

went

show

showed

grow up

grew up

take

took

have

had

teach

taught

hear

heard

tell

told

hurt

hurt

think

thought

keep

kept

understand

understood

know

knew

wake

woke

leave

left

wear

wore

lose

lost

win

won

make

made

write

wrote

TEMA 6:
SALUD, MALESTARES Y RECOMENDACIONES

Expresiones

Problemas de salud

Estados de ánimo y salud

Partes del cuerpo

How are you?

I’m not so good actually, …

What’s the matter?

What’s the problem?

I have a …

My back really hurts!

How do you feel?

I feel sick!

I feel well!

I don’t feel well.

What should I do?

You should …

You shouldn’t …

I’m sorry to hear that.

I hope you feel better soon. Does it hurt?

Have a pain (in the leg / arm)

I suffer from …

You look well!

See a doctor / dentist!

Do you take any medicine?

Can I make an appointment?

What time is your appointment?

What should I do?

Should I take any medicine?

a fever

a rash

backache

broken (leg / arm)

cold

cough

headache

headache

stomachache

toothache

sore eyes

sore throat

temperature the flu

bad

fine (well)

good (better)

great

happy

hungry

patient

sad

sick

terrible

thirsty

tired

arm

elbow

knee

leg

mouth

neck

nose

shoulder

skin

stomach

throat

toe(s)

tooth (teeth) wrist tongue

lips back

ear

eye

eyebrow

eyelash

face

finger(s)

foot (feet)

hand head

Verbos 

feel help hope rest

stay (in bed) take

hurt

TEMA 7:
ANÉCDOTAS PERSONALES

Expresiones

Expresiones de tiempo

Conjunciones

I did my homework yesterday.

I was doing my homework at 5p.m. this afternoon.

She was singing and they were dancing.

He was talking, but you weren’t listening.

I was sleeping when the telephone rang.

I was studying while you were reading a book.

yesterday

at … a.m. / p.m.

last night

this afternoon

… days ago

and

but

while

when

TEMA 8:
OBLIGACIONES Y REGLAS

Expresiones

Verbos

Conectores de

Secuencia Causa-efecto

en la Casa

en la Escuela

You need to … I have to …

Do you have to …? I don’t have to …

I don’t need to … I like to …

I don’t  like to … I really need to … I’d like to …

I want to … I hate to …

I’m free on Saturdays.

clean cook wash

do housework do the dishes

do the homework do the shopping make breakfast make lunch make dinner

be punctual arrive on time arrive early go to class

go to the Self-Access Center (SAC) go to the library

help

make a phone call respect

study

wear a uniform

work on the computer write notes

because then after

TEMA 9:
INVITACIONES Y PROYECTOS

Expresiones

Expresiones de Tiempo

Vocabulario Relacionado

Celebraciones

Entretenimiento

Would you like to …? Do you want to …?

I would like to … / I’d like to … I would love to … / I’d love to … I want to …

What are you doing next …? When are you leaving?

Are you visiting …? I’m celebrating my…

this afternoon tomorrow tomorrow night tonight

this / next coming Friday this / next Christmas

baby birthday birthday cake celebration festival

fun graduation guest house holiday party present

advertisement cartoons cinema comedy drama

hobby magazine news newspaper picture play

show sports theatre tickets

go to the disco play the guitar

sing at the karaoke bar surf the web

ELABORADO POR
Miembros de la Academia Estatal:

  • Lic. Leticia Ramírez
  • Mtra. Rita Cecilia López Figueroa
  • Mtra. Nohemí Ruiz Bentancourt
  • Mtra. Emily Librado Torres
  • Mtra. Ernestina Isabel López Martínez
  • Dra. Claudia Andrea Durán Montenegro
  • Mtro. David Armando Morales Enríquez
  • Mtro. Miguel Alexander Alarcón Bailleres
  • Dr. Isaí Alí Guevara Bazán
  • Mtra. Martha Edna García Ramírez
  • Lic. Marissa del Carmen Vázquez Patiño
  • Lic. Francisca Gallardo Gómez (Coordinadora Estatal) con la colaboración de Dra. María de los Ángeles Morales Sosa
  • Mtra. Asunción Coutiño Clemente
  • Mtra. Marcela León Torales
  • Mtra. Ma. Graciela Natalia Govella de la Fuente
  • Mtra. Laura Bello Sánchez
  • Mtra. Janeth Tello Carrillo

BIBLIOGRAFÍA